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Medicine for a Cold – a fact file

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When you have a runny nose, itchy eyes are sneezing or coughing, you are said to have caught a cold. Mostly, people catch a cold during the winter because of the low atmospheric humidity during the winter season which enables cold causing viruses to develop more easily. The virus can enter your body either through your mouth or nose or sometimes through your hands. You are likely to catch a cold when you come into contact with an infected person.

For a common cold, you don’t really need to go to a doctor, but if the problem persists and you have a high fever, vomiting or severe headache then you must seek medical advice. The general medicines for a common cold are decongestants, nasal sprays or suppressants etc, but have you ever thought of the side effects that these medicines may have on you or your child’s body? Pain killers like Aspirin can affect your lungs. Decongestants may cause heart palpitations and insomnia and some over the counter cough syrups can be responsible for drowsiness.

In fact, there’s no cure for the common cold. The Cold virus does not get affected by antibiotics but there are numerous home remedies which can provide relief from the pain and other symptoms of a cold. These medicines, if nothing else, do not have any side effects. One way or the other, they do some good to your body. The common cold is not a serious problem, so why not try some alternative medicines, instead of exposing yourself to the controversial effects of over the counter general cold medicines? Vitamin C is known for its remedial power against the common cold. Instead of taking vitamin C tablets, why not take lemon juice which may reduce the duration of the cold as well as the infection. Ginger is another wonder medicine for a cold. Ginger juice taken with honey reduces throat itching and soothes it. Chicken soup can also be given. Eating garlic enhances the body’s immune-stimulating properties, thus helps in fighting the common cold. Drink plenty of liquid foods like juices, lemon water etc. Last but not least; take proper rest to help make your immune system work faster.


  1. Be particular and do not eating anything without washing your hands.
  2. Avoid coming into contact with people who have a cold.
  3. Eat a healthy balanced diet.
  4. Maintain cleanliness in everything including surfaces, door knobs and utensils etc. You can clean them with disinfectant.

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